After clarifying the role and significance of the European Federations of Orthodontic Specialists Associations (EFOSA), the
results of a recent survey on the situation of the Speciality of Orthodontics in Europe are presented. Among the many items
included are the recognition and availability of orthodontic specialists, their training, their working conditions, the height of the
charged fees and the present insurance and refunding systems.
(Rev Esp Ortod. 2003;33(3):215-224)