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Original Article

Relation between facial aesthetic and cephalometric measurements

2006, Volumen 36, Número 1
Alberto Manzano, Eliseo Plasencia
Diploma de Estudios Avanzados. Departamento de Estomatología. Faculta de Medicina y Odontología. Universidad de Valencia. Valencia

By means of this study, we intended to verify the degree of correlation that exists between the cephalometric osseo-facial pattern and popular aesthetics criteria; we also wanted to confirm if the profiles with the best aesthetic evaluation coincide, with the profiles chosen most by observers; and if there are significant differences in the aesthetic tastes between genders. For this purpose, we chose a sample of 30 cases, 22 women and 8 men, with ages ranging from 16 to 24. On the one hand, the cephalometric measurements selected in each of the teleradiographies were calculated, and on the other hand, the profile photographs of these 30 individuals were aesthetically evaluated; this evaluation was carried out by a team of observers, 6 women and 6 men, and was performed in two different ways: quantitative evaluation (each photo received a score from 1 to 4) and by choice (they had to select one profile from each group of photos). These were the main conclusions reached: although there is obviously a correlation between the two methods to evaluate beauty, this relation is not high enough in order to affirm that both methods exactly measure the same. Both sexes indicated their scores in a very similar way for facial aesthetics, but differed when choosing the profiles that appeared the most attractive to them. In general, there is a very low correlation between the cephalometric variables analysed and the aesthetic evaluation of the profiles, although there are several measurements which appear to have a greater relation to aesthetics than others.  (Rev Esp Ortod. 2006;36(1):029-036)

Key words:
Beauty. Cephalometry.
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