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Original Article

Comparative study of craniofacial morfology in Pierre-Robin sequence and cleft palate

2007, Volumen 37, Número 4
Esther Rovira Más, Eliseo Plasencia, Alejandro Rivera Baró, Carmen Casal Sánchez
Alumna de doctorado. Universidad de Valencia. Facultad de Medicina y Odontología. Valencia

The characteristic features of the Pierre Robin sequence are micrognathia, cleft palate and glossoptosis with upper airway obstruction in newborns. The aim of this study was to analyse the craniofacial morphology and specially the mandibular growth and its changes due to development in patients with PRS, isolated cleft palate and compared with a control healthy group. The method of investigation was lateral cephalometry of 145 patients from the Craniofacial Department, Sant Joan de Déu Hospital in Barcelona, ranging from 1-18 years old. Kruskal Wallis “U” was used for the statistical analysis for comparisons among the groups of study. The results suggest that SPR group differ from the others for a shorter mandible that is present in infants and remains in adulthood.  (Rev Esp Ortod. 2007;37(4):249-258)

Key words:
Development. Micrognathia. Cephalometry. Cleft palate. Robin sequence.
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